Rajasthan Police is the law enforcement agency for Rajasthan state in India. The headquarters of the Rajasthan Police is in Jaipur, the state capital. The motto of force is the meaning of the service, which means “committed to serving”
Rajasthan was formed from the merger of the former princely states. The security of the former princely states and the police force were different in structure, work and administrative procedures. After the merger, the police force of the princely states united in January 1951.
Recruitment and service
Recruitment is usually done through Rajasthan Public Service Commission (RPSC), which conducts a state level examination called Rajasthan Administrative Services / Sub-Coordination Services Examination (RAS). After passing the examination, the recruitment goes through RPA Jaipur and RPTC training. They are governed by Rajasthan service rules. Nine Organizational Units are Crime Branch, Rajasthan Armed Constabulary (RAC), State Special Branch, Terror Squad (ATS), Planning and Welfare, Training, Forensic Science Laboratory, Telecommunication, and Traffic Police.
As of 2014, Rajasthan Police provided employment to 82,193 people.
In the last few years, the Rajasthan Police has dealt with the bandit (dacoits) in a destructive element from the 1,040 km (650 mi) long border with Chambal valleys, organized crime, detective, smuggler, Narco-terrorists and Pakistan firmly and professionally. . The Rajasthan Police is headed by the Director General of Police (DGP). Rajasthan has been divided into 2 Police Commissioners, 7 Police Range, which is headed by the Inspector General of Police (IGP). The state is further divided into 40 districts (3 rural districts, 2 city districts of Jaipur city and 2 railway police districts), 171 Circles, 709 Police Stations and 788 Out-Post. There were 889 inspectors, 3366 sub-inspectors, 3,902 assistants in force Sub-inspector, 8867 head constable and 52,837 constables and about 700 Indian Police Service (IPS) and Rajasthan Police Service (RPS) officers.
Rajasthan Armed Constabulary
Immediately after independence, law and order situation became a serious problem with 1070 km of Indo-Pakistani border. Infiltration and raising of cattle by Pakistani assailants was a regular feature and it was mandatory to abolish it. In 1949-10, the duty of protecting the border was entrusted to the joint forces of the Central Reserve Police and Provincial Armed Constabulary, which continued till 1952. In 1952, the Rajasthan government decided to take a special force which could not only be deployed along with the border but also assist the civilian police in combating robbery threat. The first headquarters and training center was established in Bharatpur in 1952 and five battalions were trained. These men were part of some of the first 5 battalions of Rajasthan Armed Constabulary, some of the ex-military state forces and some outside places outside of Rajasthan. There were 6 companies in each battalion and one company remained in the battalion headquarter. These battalions were then sent to the border areas of Sriganganagar, Raisinghnagar, Barmer, and Jaisalmer. A unit was deployed at Ghat Gate, Jaipur for the investigation of the Dokiti. Within a year of its establishment, RAC successfully completed its various duties and proved its value within the border and within the state. RAC members displayed high feelings of bravery and morale on those occasions that required courage, perseverance, and devotion to duty. Its men fought against all obstacles, not only fought the enemy but also faced the rigors of desert areas besides the necessities of life. RAC continued as a temporary force till 1958, after which it was made permanent From that year to the end of the decade of 1970, more battalions of RAC were raised according to the situation and requirement. India saw two wars with Pakistan and a war with China and there was unrest in Jammu-Kashmir, NEFA, as well as Mizoram. RAC battalions were sent in these sensitive areas and they earned appreciation for their courage and efficiency. In 1962, two companies were pulled out of each unit and the 6th Battalion was formed. Later battalions followed more battalions. Later, seven RAC battalions of these were merged with the Border Security Force and two Central Reserve Police Force. For some time, the rise in criminal tendencies, subversive political activities, communalism, and violence have worsened the law and order situation all over the country. Rajasthan could not remain unaffected. Therefore, the need was felt to create a special task force familiar with the modern techniques needed to deal effectively with communal disturbances. In 1998, a special task force was formed on the lines of the CRPF’s Rapid Action Force to maintain peace in the sensitive districts of Rajasthan. These companies are trained and fully equipped to handle the riots. According to the training requirements given to selected RAC companies are decided. There are 3 companies in RAC, who have attracted expert swimmers from various RACs. Training for battalions and flood relief works. 67 years of existence of RAC, mythological stories, heroic encounters, brave men and their courage are full of grand stories of the devil. A story which is still very proudly related to an unforgettable encounter with dacoits in Thor village of Dholpur – it lasted for 18 hours. Result? Thirteen dacoits were organized and there were no casualties on the RAC side. As of today, fifteen battalions of the RAC comprise a special battalion, in which only a specially trained unit created by women’s constables Hadi Rani is a battalion of lady Battalion and MBC as a state-military force in the state. Out of these 14 battalions of RAC, 11 battalions have been deployed in Rajasthan while 3 are in Delhi.