Putlockers refers to the various websites used to host an online index of hosted files and entertainment media such as movies and television series. The initial website was in the United Kingdom in the beginning of 2011, and millions of daily visitors received after Megaupload was closed. In May 2016, the website was blocked in the UK by the order of the High Court, and on its peak before the temporary closure at the end of 2016, Alexa Internet ranked as one of the top 250 most visited websites. Listed. The Autococker report is a major pirate hazard by the US Motion Picture Association.
Luxembourg’s domain address has changed many times throughout its history, in which the recent domain is the confiscated URL copywalkers.H, which was suspended and transferred to the ownership of the Eurovision by the order of the Luxembourg Court. It is not publicly known that an official website created by the original team is available online, but at least fifty mirrors or proxy websites, many of which use the name have been identified.
Launch and popularity
Putlocker originated in the United Kingdom. In early January 2012, the website received about 800,000 visitors a day, but after the popular website Megaupload was shut down due to copyright infringement, Putlocker began receiving approximately 1.6 million visitors a day. The website’s operations officer, Adrian Petroff, found Megaupload’s closure worrying, stating “who needs SOPA when a studio exec can make a wish/hit list and sites ‘voluntarily’ shut down?”
In March 2012, Putlocker was identified by Alfred Perry, vice president for worldwide content protection at Paramount Pictures, as one of the “top 5 rogue cyberlocker services”. The website’s URL was changed to putlocker.bz, an address which was seized by the Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit of the UK in June 2014, and was subsequently changed to putlocker.is, a domain located in Iceland.
From around early October 2016, the Putlocker.is address displayed an error stating that the website’s host service is inaccessible. Around this time, the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) reported Putlocker to the Office of the United States Trade Representative as a piracy threat. The MPAA revealed that Putlocker operates from Vietnam, and its servers are hosted by the Swiss company Private Layer.
Prior to its closure, putlocker.is was listed among the 250 top websites globally and the top 150 in the United States, according to Alexa data. A mirror site under the address Putlocker.today appeared shortly after the assumed termination of putlocker.is, and on October 17, 2016, an address under the name putlocker9.com was reported to be available.
On November 2, 2016, the Putlocker.is address became active again, redirecting its users to the updated URL putlockers.ch. On February 27, 2017, the putlockers.ch address was suspended after a ruling by a Tribunal d’arrondissement of Luxembourg in favor of the Belgian Entertainment Association, and the URL transferred ownership to EuroDNS. The chief legal officer of EuroDNS, Luc Seufer, stated that EuroDNS is required to “prevent any ‘reactivation’ of this domain name [putlockers.ch] until its expiration date”. Following the seizure of the putlockers.ch address, the previously used Putlocker.is domain was made functional again.
In March 2017, it was reported that Ted Osius, then United States Ambassador to Vietnam, held a meeting with Truong Minh Tuan, Vietnam’s Minister of Information and Communications, in which Osius urged for the criminal prosecution of Putlocker, along with the websites 123movies and KissCartoon, for copyright infringement.
Not long after, putlocker.is, which changed to putlockertv.is and subsequently putlockers.cc, was reported to redirect visitors to a scamming site. As of May 2017, it was reported that three working URLs are putlocker.rs, with a Serbian country code, putlockertv.ist, with an Istanbul website code, and putlockerhd.is, with an Icelandic one.
In July 2017, the International Business Times reported that “15% of internet users in the UK are either infringing copyright through streaming or illegal downloads, with pirated TV material primarily accessed through Kodi (16%) or Putlocker (17%)”. In August 2017, Justice John Nicholas of the Federal Court of Australia ordered Australian internet service providers to block access to 42 piracy sites in a case brought by Village Roadshow, with Putlocker, KissCartoon, and GoMovies being among those ordered to be blocked.
In June 2018, Trevon Maurice Franklin of Fresno, California pleaded guilty to violating federal copyright law back in February 2016, when he uploaded the superhero film Deadpool to Putlocker and then to Facebook eight days after the film was released theatrically in the United States. As a result, the film was viewed over 6 million times for free, with the total retail value of the copies being estimated at around $2,500.U.S. District Judge John A. Kronstadt set September 27 as the sentencing date for the federal class-A misdemeanor, which carries a possible penalty of up to one year in prison, along with a $100,000 fine.